The 2020 National Food and Nutrition Security Assessment indicates an overall worsened situation greatly influenced by the poor performance of the October to December rainfall season (short rains) across all the livelihoods in the country. The situation has also been aggravated by other factors during the season including the COVID-19 pandemic, crop pests including the desert locusts’ invasion, food commodity price spikes, and livestock diseases.

Consequently, the number of people considered to be in need of immediate humanitarian assistance increased by about 90% overall from 739,000 recorded in August 2020 to 1,425,000 in February 2021. Pastoralist counties like Turkana and Isiolo had the highest increase where the population in need almost doubled comparing August 2020 and the current season. Other counties with a significantly higher number of people in Integrated Phase Classification 3 (IPC Phase 3) or worse were Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, and Marsabit.

Lamu, Kwale, and Kilifi in coastal marginal agriculture zones had the highest increase of people in IPC phase three, recording double the numbers that had been established under this category during the long rains assessment (LRA) in August 2020. Other counties including Makueni, Kitui, Tharaka Nithi, Meru (Meru North) which had minimal people in need of immediate humanitarian assistance during the LRA have equally recorded significant numbers during this assessment.

With the performance of the 2021 long-rains season (March-May) forecasted to be poor, this situation will most likely worsen and these numbers may increase towards August.

Click the following links to access the 2020 Short Rains Assessment national report and the respective County SRA reports