Impacts of the October-December short rains season, which is characterised by an El Niño phenomenon and a positive Indian Ocean Dipole, have been realised in all Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) counties. Based on the drought phase classification, all the 23 counties reported normal conditions in November.

An assessment of the impact of 2023 March-May Long Rains season on food and nutrition security projected that the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance during the October 2023 to January 2024 period would drop to 1.5 million from 2.8 million in July due to good performance of the Short Rains season.

However, the negative effects of the enhanced rainfall continue to undermine food and nutrition security situation following the flooding reported in various ASAL counties. The situation is further compounded by destruction of road and communication network, which has limited the flow of food and other essential commodities in local markets.

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