Africa Climate Summit 2023
Overview of NDMA
Droughts in Kenya are becoming increasingly regular, as the effects of global
climate change become more apparent. Impacts of severe drought are all too evident in the millions of people affected and the substantial amounts of money in losses and damages. The economic cost of the 2008-2011 drought in Kenya, for example, was estimated at US$ 12.1 billion.
Kenya further actualised the EDE commitment by institutionalising drought risk management through establishment of a specialised institution – the National Drought Management Authority – in November 2011.
NDMA actualises its mandate through some of the following:
Provision of drought early warning information
Supporting priority drought response interventions and coordinating actions by
Drought Response Interventions
DCF Business process
Coordination of Ending Drought Emergencies (EDE) strategy
Kenya’s paper presented at the 2011 Summit has gradually evolved and deepened into the Ending Drought Emergencies (EDE) strategy, which was adopted by Parliament in December 2012. It argues that the dominant pattern of investment in the ASALs – where the main form of public subsidy has been extensive and prolonged humanitarian aid – should be reversed and the region appropriately subsidised by investing in thefoundations for poverty reduction and growth.
Financing Mechanism - NDEF
Cognisant that effective drought risk management requires substantial financial resources to ensure early action, Kenya has developed a disaster risk financing strategy that is already being implemented.
Investments in DRM and CCA
Disbursement of regular & drought shock-responsive cash transfers to poorest and most vulnerable households in 8 arid counties under the Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP).
Visit HSNP website here: https://www.hsnp.or.ke/